Kerala, the mystic land lying between the Western Ghats and Arabian Sea, is abundant in its rich variety of Flora and Fauna. Almost 24% of Kerala land area is forest. It includes tropical wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, tropical moist and dry deciduous forests and temperate (shola) forests.

More than 1000 species of trees, 4,000 species of flowering plants, 900 species of medicinal plants; can be found in Kerala forests.

Kerala’s Fauna is also rich and diverse with more than 100 species of mammals, 476 species of birds, 202 species of freshwater fishes, 169 species of reptiles and 89 species of amphibians.

In this post I have tried to showcase wide variety of Flora and Fauna that makes Kerala unique. So here are 25 incredible Flora and Fauna images.

Nelliyampathy Forest Range1. Nelliyampathy Forest Range

Deers at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary 2. Deers at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary

Tiger at Periyar Tiger Reserve3. Tiger at Periyar Tiger Reserve

Crocodile at Neyyar4. Crocodile at Neyyar

neela-kuringhi-munnar5. Neela Kurungi Flowers in Bloom at Munnar

Tea Gardens Kerala6. Tea Gardens, Munnar

Nilgiri Tahr at Munnar7. Nilgiri Tahr at Munnar

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Flora and Fauna of Kerala Backwaters8. Flora near Kerala Backwaters

wayanad9. Grasslands at Chembra Peak, Wayanad

Southern Birdwing  Butterfly at Chimmini Wildlife10. Southern Birdwing  Butterfly at Chimmini Wildlife

periyar-tiger-reserve11. Periyar Tiger Reserve

Coconut Trees12. Coconut Trees

lion-tailed-macaque-113. Lion Tailed Macaque

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peacock-kerala-forest14. Peacock found in Tropical Kerala Forest

Elephant at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary 15. Elephant at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary

Hornbill at Nelliyampathy16. Hornbill at Nelliyampathy

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Kani Konna17. Kani Konna Bisons at Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

18. Bisons at Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

 Malabar Flying Squirrel at Gavi19. Malabar Flying Squirrel at Gavi

Monkey at Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary 20. Monkey at Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Paddy Field in Alappuzha21. Paddy Field in Alappuzha

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Spice Plantation  (Pepper) 22. Spice Plantation  (Pepper) – Image by Pandiyan V via Flickr

wild-coffee23. Wild Coffee – Image by Lian Chang via Flickr

rubber-trees24. Rubber Plantations Kerala

Coconut Trees Slanting on to Backwaters 25. Coconut Trees Leaning into the Backwaters

Hope you enjoyed this picture tour portraying Kerala’s Flora and Fauna. Kerala is indeed breathtaking with its various facets and what it has to offer to the tourists who come to explore Kerala.

Do contact your tour operator to know more about the wildlife pertaining to your chosen destinations. And do share your experience while visiting. We love to hear from you.

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